If it weren’t for state government’s impending fiscal meltdown, the region would be well positioned for a prosperous future.
The last five years have been good to Southeast Alaska. People came here in droves, to visit and to live. Our overall population increased by 4% as 2,730 new people joined our ranks. We broke records in terms of visitors arriving by airplane, and 2016 could be our top year ever for total passenger arrivals by all modes. Since 2010, we added nearly 2,000 jobs and $308 million in total workforce earnings, and 2015 was a record year for regional employment and earnings.
By many indications, our economy should continue to grow. Tourism is growing at 4% per year for the foreseeable future. After three years of declines, mineral prices are on the rise again, which is great news for our local mines. The maritime economy has taken off, and for the first time ever we are building Alaska ferries by Alaskans for Alaskans right here in Southeast Alaska. The seafood industry hit an all-time harvest record in 2013, and although the last couple years have been weak there are indications that next year will be better. The military has gone from being an economic footnote to becoming a key economic driver, as our Coast Guard personnel have grown to more than 800 members in 2016. As our population ages and health care needs grow, the medical industry is poised to expand to meet increasing demand.
Yet, despite so many positive indicators, we are not going to continue to grow. As the capital region for the state we are dependent on state government, both for employment and expenditures, and the economic health of the state government is declining rapidly.
At Southeast Conference’s March 2016 Mid-Session Summit, audience members participated in a resiliency mapping exercise. The purpose of this process to determine and detail the key strategies that private business owners, elected officials, tribal leaders, municipalities, and community organizations are implementing or planning to implement in order to respond to our current state fiscal situation.
Economic resilience is the ability to withstand and recover quickly from a disruption to the economic base. More than 200 Southeast Alaskans from 23 communities and 24 sectors across the region rated their level of concern regarding the pending economic crisis, and wrote down the actions they plan to take to ensure the economic resilience of their businesses, industries, communities, and region. Nearly 400 individual written comments that became part of this analysis. The results were definitive and clear. Private sector businesses are getting ready to stop investing and layoff employees, as are our local and state government leaders. In addition to long term economic planning, Southeast Conference members want an income tax and a restructured permanent fund, while maintaining a strong marine transportation network.
Southeast Conference is responsible for developing a Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy (CEDS) for Southeast Alaska designed to identify regional priorities for economic and community development. The CEDS 2020 Southeast Alaska Economic Plan is a strategy-driven plan developed by a diverse workgroup of local representatives from private, public, and nonprofit sectors. Over the course of 12 months, 27 workshops and strategic planning meetings Southeast Conference members developed an overall vision statement, a list of six goals, 47 objectives, 8 priority objectives, and regional and industry specific SWOTs analyses. More than 400 people representing small businesses, tribes, native organizations, municipalities, and nonprofits were involved in various elements of the planning process.
We asked the people who experience the marine highway’s benefits first hand to describe its value: the mayors, tribal leaders, business owners, tourism directors, fishermen, economic development experts, and other community leaders. These Alaskans’ stories weave together to form a single tale: Transportation is the lifeblood of coastal communities, and a strong ferry system is essential to local economic development, quality of life, and community well-being. There are 35 ports spanning 3,500 miles that are connected by Alaska’s state ferries. Here are 25 stories from coastal communities that rely on the Alaska Marine Highway System.
This publication tells two stories about the regional economy: a positive tale of five-year trends, and a more sobering one-year analysis and future forecast. Over the last five years we added 2,600 people and 1,500 jobs to our economy. Total workforce earnings increased by $275 million, with most of that coming from the private sector ($209 million). With the exception of government, nearly every sector flourished. New jobs and investments occurred in the areas of seafood, tourism, mining, construction, healthcare, maritime, and energy. However, data from the last year especially indicates a contraction. Between 2013 and 2014 there were few areas of growth, and many indicators trended slightly downwards. Our population declined by 30 people. Jobs fell by 300, mostly in the areas of government, construction, and health care. There were 34,000 fewer cruise and ferry visitors to the region. The value of seafood harvested in the region fell by $92 million. The price of gold fell by 10%. Early 2015 job reports show more losses on the way. The most concerning signal is the long-term strength of our government, which accounts for more than a third of all workforce earnings in the region.
The Southeast Alaska Business Climate Survey takes the “pulse” of our local business community and the economy. It is completed every five years to help us better understand the obstacles and advantages of owning and operating a business in Southeast Alaska. The survey tracks change in economic outlook over time by industry and community, along with tracking which institutions are most valuable to local businesses. Finally, it tracks private investment in the region. The survey focused on Southeast Alaska business owners and top managers, though non-business leaders could take a much shorter version of the survey as well. The 2015 online survey was designed and administered by Rain Coast Data. The survey was conducted in Summer 2015. The survey was taken by 416 Southeast Alaska business owners and top managers. Business owners and operators from 29 communities in Southeast Alaska responded to the survey. This includes 165 company presidents, owners, or CEOs, and 84 senior executives, senior officials, directors, vice presidents, or managers. An additional 167 who took the survey identified themselves as self-employed.
Southeast Conference also developed a new publication to track growth in the Southeast Alaska Maritime Industry. This report tracks Southeast and Alaska maritime sector growth over the past four years. From 2010 to 2013 maritime-related total wages in Southeast grew 24 percent across all components of the industry, an increase of $74 million in direct wages. Cycles in salmon harvests and earnings explain part of this, but the growth is striking in comparison to 5 percent growth in maritime earnings statewide, or $139 million, during the same period. Direct employment also increased, up by 13 percent, or eight hundred jobs. Employment in maritime industries increased 12 percent between 2012 and 2013, while wages grew 12 percent. This publication was released in March 2015.
This document is a summary of the overall regional SWOT analysis. Participants from 22 different communities across the region generated 1,200 individual written comments regarding the region's greatest strengths, weaknesses, opportunities & threats. There was a clear consensus regarding the top responses for each category: Top Strength: Our people and our Southeast Alaskan spirit. Top Weakness: Transportation costs. Top Opportunity: Seafood & product development. Top Threat: Federal government regulations and overreach.
This publication quantifies Southeast Alaska’s maritime economy. Just over one-quarter of all Southeast Alaska wages are directly earned through ocean related employment in 2012. Taken together the businesses and government agencies that are directly tied to the ocean comprise Southeast Alaska’s largest economic sector.
This year the report provides a one-year snapshot of regional economic and socioeconomic trends. It shows that while the economy of Southeast Alaska has been in an expansion phase since 2008, in 2013 that growth leveled off. The 12-page overview provides analysis on demographics, employment, and earnings; the maritime, visitor, seafood, mining, timber, and health care industries; along with public sector developments.This publication is being widely used by policy makers, planners in the region, and due to the significant response to the document, this is now an annual publication of Southeast Conference.